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Moode | Mooday ~ Rice Cakes Steamed in Screw Pine (Kewra) Leaves
As a South Indian I have had the good fortune of eating many rice breads/cakes and rice based sweetmeats steamed (or pan fried) in various kind of leaves. From
sweet dumplings steamed in turmeric leaves
jackfruit pudding steamed in teak leaves
I am glad I have eaten them all. Well, almost. I still have one steamed bread to be tried out and I hope I have the chance to do it on my next trip to Mangalore. On my recent trip there I spotted some of these moulds made out of screw pine leaves. Traditionally they are made at home by the Hindu community of Mangalore but nowadays most people prefer to purchase from the market and as such you may find vendors who sell just that - leaf moulds and perhaps homemade coconut leaf brooms to make a few extra bucks.
A day before Nagara Panchami was celebrated in Mangalore, Roshan & I went hunting for these moulds in the downpour. We must have scanned the whole of Car Street and the flower market before landing up at the doorstep of an old flour mill that had closed down years ago but had comfortably housed the paraphernalia of a man who was busy weaving moulds together. I bought my stuff and jumped into the car quickly before the rains got me and off we came. My mum-in-law checked with her neighbour for the recipe and off we set to prepare the batter.
We got the batter together and set it aside to be fermented. The next morning the house was filled with the delicious aroma of freshly steamed moode - simple idli batter poured into screw pine leaf moulds. These tall idlis delighted us all, especially my son who enjoyed his breakfast very much.
Screw pine is also called as kewra in Hindi and is famous for the essence extracted from the flower which looks pretty much like the sitaphal (custard apple). This essence is widely used in Indian cuisine to flavour desserts, drinks and also in the preparation of biryanis (used similar to the rose water, during the layering stage)
I don't recall having eaten a lot of moode (pronounced as mooday) during my childhood as it was seasonal and festive preparation that was rarely prepared by my Hindu neighbours. You see most of such delicacies (moode and kottige) were lovingly shared with us during festivals - a practice that was carried out by my grandmom who would in turn share goodies on a platter during Christmas & New Year.
I am so glad that for the sake of the blog I managed to find the moulds this time and had the chance to prepare and enjoy them at home, thanks to my mom-in-law and her neighbour!
Moode taste wonderful with any vegetarian or non vegetarian curry of your choice. Traditionally it is eaten with padhengi ghassi (whole moong sprouts cooked in a spicy coconut based gravy) - something I have never tried making at home. We ate the moode for breakfast with some coconut chutney and the leftovers were enjoyed with some piping hot chicken curry with coconut milk. Oh deliciousness! My mouth waters even as I think about it! Can't wait to make and eat them again. Soon!
Moode | Mooday ~ Rice Cakes Steamed in Screw Pine Leaves
3 cups idli rice (mutambo), parboiled rice
1 cup skinless whole black gram / urad gota
1/2 cup beaten rice (optional) * see notes
salt to taste
8-10 moode moulds/tubes made out of screw pine/kewra/kedige /pandan leaves
tall and deep idli steamer / tondor
1. Separately wash and soak the rice and urad in plenty of water for at least 3-4 hours. * see notes
2. After the soaking period is up drain off the water but don't discard it, you can use it to grind the grains.
3. Using the jar meant to grind rice/grains grind the urad first using water sparingly until it turns fluffy and smooth. Transfer this batter into a deep container that is big enough to accomodate batter when it doubles (or triples if the weather is very favourable). * see notes
4. Next, grind the rice using a little water to an almost smooth, thick batter. The batter should have the texture of very fine sand (basically a fine rava texture). Pour the batter into the pan containing the ground urad paste.
5. Add enough water to make the batter of medium thickness - if it is too thick the moode will turn hard. Too thin and the batter will likely seep out of the mould. To test, take some batter and drop it from a height - it should fall in a thick, steady stream. Use your hand to lightly yet swiftly mix the two batters.
6. Cover the pan with a lid and keep it undisturbed in a warm place of your kitchen. If you wish you can keep it in the oven which has only the light switched on.
7. The batter can take anywhere between 6 - 12 hours to ferment. In colder temperatures or central AC it can take upto 14 hours.
8. When the batter has fermented prepare the steamer for steaming the moode
9. Place sufficient water in a steamer and let it come to a gentle boil. Place a metal stand (used to keep hot vessels on the table) at the bottom of the steamer and over it place a round steel box big enough to accommodate the moulds.
10. Pour the fermented batter into each mould upto two third's full. Don't be tempted to pour a lot as the batter will rise and spill out.
11. Let the water placed in the steamer come to a full, rolling boil (steam comes out). Cover the steamer with its lid and let it steam for about 45-50 minutes. You can check around 40 mins by inserting a knife or skewer into the moode. If it comes out clean it is done.
12. Before serving unwrap the leaf, cut into desired sizes and serve hot with chicken or vegetable curry of your choice. Moode may be eaten with chutney as a breakfast option.
1. For softer idlis I have read a tip that calls for washing and soaking the urad for the last 1 hour before you start the grinding process. It is important to soak the rice and urad separately so that you can grind the urad separately too, so do not mix them both
2. If the weather outside is hot and the mixer jar tends to heat up quickly try using chilled water to grind the rice/urad. If the temperature is too hot it could kill the live cultures in the urad that aid quick fermentation. If you are living in central AC, try using lukewarm water to grind.
3. If you are using beaten rice, grind it along with the rice.
4. If you wish you may place ramekins (individual sanna moulds/bowls) inside the steel box placed in the steamer and then position each moode mould inside each ramekin - this is to help the moode mould from toppling over.
Simple Badami Chicken ~ Chicken in Almond Sauce
Our weekend meals are usually elaborate, experimental dishes. However, yesterday I chose to prepare chicken so that we could enjoy some leftovers today as I had to take the kids for a musical concert in the morning and knew I'd barely have any time to finish the cooking and clean up the kitchen before leaving. I flipped through a few books and checked my list of bookmarked recipes on the kitchen pin up board. I had finished making almost everything I had bookmarked since ages save for a kebab recipe. I then grabbed my favourite book by B.F Varghese and narrowed down on this recipe which she named the Rajput Chicken Curry. I cross checked on google for a similar recipe but couldn't find any by the same name. On the contrary I found many recipes with more or less the same ingredients named as Badami chicken or chicken in almond sauce although those recipes were more elaborate and extragavant.
I really didn't have the time to gather all those ingredients and kill myself in the kitchen especially on a school day. My son was expected home in a couple of hours and I had little time to finalise and set off to cook. Since he totally loves North Indian style chicken curries I decided to try my hand at this simple version of Badami chicken. The prepping didn't take a lot of time and its one of those dishes that don't demand your complete attention. I set about attending to other chores when the chicken was cooking. So it's totally my kind of curry.
However, when the time came for me to do the photo shoot I was in for a big disappointment. My camera is on the verge of dying and I am not sure how much more time before it gives up completely. I barely managed to grab a few shots before it died down. While I decide what to do with it I think I will keep the blog alive with some recipes which have not yet been published because I wasn't completely happy with the pictures and was intending to do a re shoot. However, I don't think I'll have that privilege for a long time and so I'll just go with the flow and post stuff that deserves to be on the blog but hasn't yet been given that chance.
Simple Badami Chicken ~ Chicken in Almond Sauce
Prep time: 20 mins | Cook time: 20 mins | Serves 4-5
1 kg chicken, cleaned and cut into medium sized pieces (use boneless chicken if you wish)
2 cups finely chopped onions (approx 2 medium-big ones)
1 cup finely chopped tomatoes (approx 1 large)
1/2 cup thick curds/yogurt, whisked
4 cardamoms, slightly bruised
2 inch stick of cinnamon or cassia bark
oil for shallow frying
salt to taste
To be ground:
20 almonds or cashew nuts
1-1/2 inches ginger
2 fat cloves of garlic
3 teaspoons plain red chilli powder (adjust to taste) * see notes
1/2 teaspoon turmeric powder
1. Marinate the cleaned and cut chicken lightly with salt and keep aside.
2. Grind all the ingredients mentioned under '
To be ground
' to a fine paste. Tip: Use the smallest jar/dry grinding jar of your mixie to powder the almonds first and then add the rest of the ingredients and a little water to make a smooth paste. Reserve the masala water from the mixie (about 1/2 cup)
3. In a heavy, wide based pan or kadhai heat the oil (on a medium heat) and toss in the whole spices - cardamoms, cinnamon/cassia bark and cloves.
4. Add the onions and fry on a medium low heat for a good 5-7 minutes or till they turn translucent/pale and slightly golden. Don't be in a hurry - this step is important to make a good, thick gravy.
5. When the onions have fried add the ground masala paste and the chicken pieces and saute on a medium heat for about 4-5 minutes. Do not add any water. The chicken will release its own juices and help cook it. You can cover the pan and check every now & then to ensure that the masala doesn't get burnt.
6. Add the tomatoes, mix well and allow to cook until the tomatoes turn mushy and the water has almost dried up.
7. Now add the salt - if you have previously marinated the chicken with salt, skip this step or adjust to taste. Add the whisked yogurt and mix to incorporate. Cover the pan and cook the chicken till it is done and the sauce/gravy has thickened up.
8. Remove from heat, garnish with chopped coriander (optional) and serve with rice or rotis/chapathis/naan/phulka/dosa
Use Kashmiri chilli powder for its great colour but lower spice quotient
Maslyechi Jeere Miri Kadi - Cumin & Pepper Style Fish Curry
One of my favourite Mangalorean style fish curries is this simple cumin & pepper style curry. Well, although it says cumin & pepper the list of ingredients is not limited to just these two. It would be virtually impossible to dunk the fish pieces in a curry made of barely 2-3 ingredients but among the various types of fish curries we make back home is this style which is prepared for a particular kinds of fish. Most times we prepare the coconut curry where we use copious amounts of freshly grated coconut as the key ingredient in the preparation. The coconut curry is an easy way to make fish curry with virtually any kind of fish available on hand but then our ancestors were wise. They, from various trials & errors have devised ways to cook different varieties of fish, thrown together different blends of ingredients to compliment the nature of the fish being cooked enabling the flavours to complement each other thus making the meal experience a wholesome and enjoyable one.
Most women from previous generations never required a book to note down the recipes. They always knew what kind of curry went well with what kind of fish but since my memory fails me I always prefer to jot it down (you see, this is also the main reason behind the creation of the blog). People like my mum and mum-in-law can instantly tell me what curry I can put together in the shortest possible time for the day's catch. If you see my
recipe index for seafood
I have made an attempt to record just this. However, since I am not so good at experimenting with seafood I waited for my trip to Mangalore to learn some fish curries from my mum-in-law. Another one of her masterpieces is this beautiful, flavourful and spicy fish curry.
As I have mentioned in my previous posts the peppercorn is one of Mangalore's prized crops. My mum-in-law loves to use it in her curries and trust me there is nothing more aromatic than the aroma of freshly ground peppercorn - just make sure you don't take a deep whiff of it or you are done for! Since the past few years I get my annual quota of fresh peppercorns from my mum-in-law's garden and I love using my peppermill to grind it instantly - the taste and aroma can activate every taste bud that had previously died due to an overdose of placid, bland food.
This delicious curry was prepared by my mum-in-law with some enthusiastic assistance from me. I never got the chance to try it out in my kitchen here in Dubai as my son simply refuses to eat fish - so we are ovo vegetarians or chickiterians (if there is such a word) most of the week.
We enjoyed this curry so much with some freshly prepared, piping hot boiled rice as you can see in the pictures. Life is good!
Maslyechi Jeere Miri Kadi - Cumin & Pepper Style Fish Curry
1/2 kg black pomfret/lady fish (kane)/shark (thato)/ silver fish/whiting (erli), ray fish/kite fish(vagole)*see notes
salt to taste
oil for frying
1/2 a medium sized onion finely sliced (for tempering)
For the masala:
5-6 long red chillies (bedgi) (use deseeded if you wish to tone down the spice)
1 teaspoon coriander seeds * see notes
2 teaspoons cumin
1/2 teaspoon peppercorns
1/4 teaspoon turmeric powder
2 medium sized onions
7-8 small cloves of garlic
2 marble sized ball of tamarind
1/2 teaspoon mustard (optional)
2 tablespoons grated coconut
1. Descale and clean the fish (if not cleaned already). Wash in a 3-4 changes of water. Allow to drain on a colander. If desired marinate the fish lightly with salt.
2. Grind all the ingredients mentioned under '
For the Masala
'. Reserve the masala water from the mixie.
3. In a pan/kadhai heat some oil and fry the ground masala well. Add the reserved masala water and a little additional water to make a gravy of medium thickness (don't make it too watery as the fish tends to release some stock making the gravy too thin eventually). Let the gravy come to a boil.
4. Reduce the heat to medium low and add the fish pieces gently.
1. Adjust the number of chillies to your choice. Fish like black pomfret or shark taste nice with a slightly higher level of spice, but do adjust it as per your level of spice tolerance. If you are using lady fish (kane) reduce the spice slightly.
2. The use of coriander is not typical - it is optional and doesn't make much difference if you add or omit it.
3. If you are using fish such as ray fish (vagole), shark (thato) or sole fish (lepo) temper it with 2-3 cloves of garlic instead of onion.
4. If you are using frozen fish make sure that the fish is at room temperature before cooking - you need to thaw it over several hours. If you force defrost it (using the defrost option in your microwave or shock the fish by placing it in water) it will continue to ooze out water in the curry making your end result very watery. The best way to defrost fish is to place it from the freezer into your fridge the previous night (if you are planning to cook it for the next day's lunch) and then from the fridge to your kitchen counter in the morning.
Ghare Sukhe | Uppad Pachir Aajadina / Salla Upkari (Salted Jackfruit Sukka)
When I called mum today she gave me the weather update - "Shirandariso paus yetha anga, boro kalok zala (it's raining cats and dogs here and its really gloomy and dark)". Well, a typical day during the monsoons in Mangalore. On such days everyone likes to dig into some kind of comfort food. While I am thoroughly missing the monsoons (really enjoyed them while I was there in July) I did manage to bring back some tangible memories with me -
salted tender jackfruit
that my mother in law and I had prepared together. So the last few days saw me preparing two variations of how these chunks could be cooked. The first one is where we make a 'sukka' or saute of the tender jackfruit with basic spices and loads of coconut. Dishes made the 'sukka' way are called as 'sukhe' in Konkani. This is like a very basic dish which you can put together in no time. We Mangaloreans make plenty of sukka variations with vegetables and even meat.
Sonay sukhe (garbanzo beans sukka)
are probably the most famous dishes on the menu at our place.
Now another sukka preparation is added to my repertoire. We thoroughly enjoyed this dish along with some simple Mangalorean style
and piping hot red rice. I hope you enjoy it too!
Ghare Sukhe | Uppad Pachir Aajadina / Salla Upkari (Salted Jackfruit Sukka)
Prep time: 6-12 hours (for soaking) + 15 mins | Cook time: 10-15 mins | Serves 2-3
2 cups salted jackfruit, chopped
1 small onion finely sliced
1-1/2 level teaspoons bafad powder * see notes
1/2 cup water
2-3 jackfruit seeds/bikna chopped (optional)
2 tablespoons grated coconut
For the tempering:
1 tablespoon oil
1/2 teaspoon mustard
3-4 small flakes of garlic, crushed
5-6 curry leaves
1. Before you cook the salted jackfruit it needs to be soaked in a lot of water for a few hours. The soaking time varies according to the age of the jackfruit in brine (salt water). I soaked the jackfruit that was in brine for 1 month for about 10-12 hours. To cut down this time change the water multiple times.
2. Once the jackfruit is rinsed, chop it into bite sized pieces and transfer into a pressure cooker. Add the sliced onion, bafad powder and water (1/2 cup approx). Cover the lid, place the weight (whistle) and pressure cook on a full heat till the cooker begins to hiss. This happens just before the whistle goes off. Remove from heat. We don't want to overcook the jackfruit. (* see notes)
3. Let the cooker cool down a little until the whistle comes off easily. Open and give it a stir. Add the grated coconut and mix well.
4. To prepare the tempering, heat oil in a small pan and when hot add the mustard seeds. When they stop spluttering add the crushed garlic and toss them about till they turn golden. Add the curry leaves and remove from heat.
5. Pour the tempering over the prepared jackfruit sukka. Cover the pan immediately to retain the aroma.
6. Serve hot with piping hot rice and curry of your choice.
1. Instead of bafad powder you may use any spice blend that has at least red chillies, cumin and coriander. To make your own bafad powder, see the recipe
or make it for one time use. Use a blend of red chilli powder (abt 1 tsp)+ coriander powder (3/4th tsp) + 2 pinches each of cumin powder, pepper powder & turmeric powder
2. If you are unable to stop the pressure cooker from releasing the whistle place the cooker under a tap of water for a few seconds and slowly release the whistle when it begins to loosen up.
Kaju Badam Milk Powder (Cashew Nut & Almond Health Drink Mix)
Now that schools have started the mommy in me is working overtime trying to chalk out meal plans and ensure that the son gets decent meals that help his weight gain. Well, sorry to bore you with the same old stories, but my life is pretty much bound by the school routine during the academic year and all I can think of is how to sustain my little one during the long hours at school. That's how life is for moms across the world I guess (although I swear it was a lot easier in India as the school timings were more relaxed and travel time didn't eat up his playtime). So all I do now is wake up at an unearthly hour, pack the lunch box, fix breakfast, feed and pack the child off to school and worry about what to make for the next day. Well, planning meals ahead of time happens most of the time but not always. I mean, I am not a super woman and I do like to laze around the day sometimes and in the bargain my son has to settle for a cheese sandwich the next day, something I can slap together in 2 seconds.
But then sometimes the goddess in me rises above the mundane and wants to do something spectacular, like make healthy meals and get the laundry sorted and declutter everything in sight and bake and prepare condiments or put some make-ahead meals together - basically, the works. This goddess pops up in my head just once a year - thank god for that! Anyway, one of the things I did once upon a time was to scout for a healthy beverage mix for my son since the only thing he really loves to drink is coffee and I couldn't possibly indulge him everyday. When the ads on the telly lure him you can find some random tins of health drinks on my pantry shelf. But after a while he loses interest in them and says they taste no good anymore so I am stuck with a few tins of Pediasure or Ovaltine or Bournvita. The scouting resulted in a good recipe I wanted to try for long. I bought packets of cashew nuts and almonds but ended up eating them because I just didn't have the time to roast and powder them. I eventually gave it a try and it was ridiculously easy. I wondered why I didn't make it before.
This recipe is a super easy way to get some goodness of nuts into your body without munching them. It's a cheat's way of making nut milk but of course it is not vegan. The rock sugar (also known as rock candy) is believed to be beneficial to ward off colds and bring out the phlegm when you have it. Saffron is a wonder spice that is known to have a host of health benefits ranging from anti oxidant properties to those that treat a mild depression, promote sleep.
This recipe was given to me by Mrs. Asha Sathish Phillar on one of the food groups on Facebook. Thank you Asha Aunty!
Kaju Badam Milk Powder
Prep time: 20 mins | Cook time: Nil | Yield: approx 250 grams
1/2 cup cashew nuts
1/2 cup almonds with peel
1 cup rock sugar / kadishakker / misri / koday sakker
a few strands of saffron
1. Heat a heavy based skillet/tawa and dry roast the nuts one by one - just until you get a nice aroma. Do not burn them. Transfer them to a plate to cool completely.
2. Pulse the nuts, rock sugar and the saffron in the dry grinding jar of your mixer. Don't grind it on low speed, instead use the pulse option to powder it. You need to be careful here as the mixture can turn into a thick paste before you know it.
3. Transfer the contents into a clean, dry airtight container/jar. Store it in the fridge for a longer shelf life
4. Add 1 teaspoon of this mixture to 1 cup of hot or chilled milk and enjoy!
Tropical Coconut Muffins
Most of my baking adventures happen on days when I have plenty of other things to do but when the baking bug bites me I simply sideline the rest just to satiate my hunger for baking. Since the little one now is showing her true colours and stepping into her terrible twos it is hard to finish baking in one go with an eternally clingy little monkey. Although I don't do any meticulous planning before baking (most of my baking happens on a whim) I phase out the whole program over a period of hours. If the bug bites me in the morning I try to complete my cooking first and parallely keep the eggs and butter out of the fridge. Next, I go about measuring the ingredients and placing them in different bowls and plonk them on my work table in the kitchen. We have a little foldable table that we picked up from IKEA for this very purpose. It springs into action only when required (a.k.a when the rest of the counter tops and workplaces are overburdened with random clutter) and gets shooed away when not in use.
Although the whole programme sounds tedious (I mean, I never ever considered measuring out ingredients into bowls earlier) it does save a lot of time. When everything is ready all I have to do is mix the batter and pop the tins into the oven. This whole job hardly takes 10 mins and then the oven takes over. There are days when I even measure out ingredients the previous night I am good to go in the morning or whenever I am free to bake. Hey, lest you think I am hyper organized, I am NOT! I just like to do whatever it takes to make sure I get my healthy dose of baking every so often. I go insane otherwise. Those who have a baking obsession will empathise with me.
What I also like to do is bake with ingredients at hand, so I usually bookmark recipes that call for oil instead of butter or make use of some or the other ingredient that is hanging around in my pantry and needs to be used before expiry. Can you guess what that one ingredient is that usually finds itself in my fridge half used? For the number of times that I prepare
it has to be canned pineapple! Well, I always seem to have a few extra slices of pineapple which are too less a quantity to be used for another batch of sheera. These slices cannot be left in the can for too long so I was desperately hunting for recipes to use them up. I chanced upon this recipe in my favourite little book on baking, Everyday Muffins & Bakes from which I have tried the
Mincemeat Crumble Bars
Rose Petal Cupcakes
. As expected the recipe didn't disappoint me. Not only were the pineapple slices put to good use but also the dessicated coconut that was leftover from the
Choco Coconut Laddoos
I tried last Deepavali.
When the muffins were baking the whole house was filled with the awesome aroma of toasted coconut. It filled me with such a warm feeling and it was wonderful to bite into these delicious muffins as soon as they cooled down a bit. It was truly a tropical fest what with the coconut, pineapple and banana that add a new dimension to muffins that would have otherwise been just plain and boring. These delicious muffins however are pretty heavy if you ask me - they fill you up easily and you may not go beyond one or two muffins at the most. This also is reason enough to serve them as lunch box goodies to your lil one. If he is a fussy eater and doesn't enjoy eating fruits by themselves he is sure to like this (hopefully!). Do consider serving them as an interesting breakfast option as these muffins are not very sweet. They make an ideal grab and go kind of a breakfast. I hope you enjoy them!
Love to bake? Do check out my
recipe index on cakes & bakes
Tropical Coconut Muffins
Prep time: 15 mins | Bake time: 20 mins | Yield 14-15 muffins
250 grams / 9 oz all purpose flour (maida)
1 teaspoon baking powder
1 teaspoon soda bi carb / baking soda
1/2 teaspoon allspice powder * see notes
115 grams / 4 oz butter
225 grams / 9 oz brown sugar (I used muscovado)
2 large eggs, lightly beaten
2 tablespoons thick yogurt/curds - natural, pineapple or banana flavoured
1 tablespoon rum (skip if you wish)
1 ripe banana, sliced (I used 2-3 tiny Elaichi/Kadholi bananas)
75 grams / 2-3/4th oz canned pineapple rings, drained and chopped
55 grams / 2 oz dessicated coconut
For the topping:
4 tablespoons raw sugar (I used demerara)
1 teaspoon allspice
25 grams / 1 oz dessicated coconut
1. Line a 12 cup muffin pan with cupcake liners. Sift the dry ingredients (flour, baking powder, baking soda and allspice) into a mixing bowl. Preheat the oven at 200 degrees C.
2. In another bowl cream together the butter and brown sugar. Add the lightly beaten eggs, mix in the yogurt and rum (if using)
3. Add the banana, pineapple and dessicated coconut and mix gently. Add this mixture into the bowl of sifted flour and other dry ingredients. Do not overstir the mixture - just mix till combined. It is ok if the batter seems a little lumpy.
4. Use a tablespoon to fill up the cupcake liners upto 2/3rds full with the prepared batter.
6. Mix together the raw sugar and allspice and sprinkle it over the muffins. Next, sprinkle the dessicated coconut and transfer to the preheated oven and bake for about 20 minutes or till the muffins have risen and turned golden and the skewer inserted comes out clean.
7. Remove the pan and allow to cool outside for 10 mins. Transfer the muffins onto a wire rack and let it cool down a bit before serving.
1. Allspice is the name of a kind of a warm spice like cinnamon or clove. It has a unique aroma of all spices and hence the name. Allspice plants are common down South India especially Mangalore and Kerala. Allspice should not be confused for garam masala which is a blend of different spices ground and mixed together. If you do not have allspice, substitute with equal quantity of cinnamon or just about 1/8th teaspoon of nutmeg powder. You may skip it altogether.
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Mithache Ghare | Kolache Ghare | Tender Jackfruit in Brine (Salted Raw Jackfruit)
Thanks to blogging I have been reintroduced to many Mangalorean classic recipes that were not frequently prepared at my place. On my recent trip to Mangalore the season was just right for us to enjoy a few of the abundant dishes that are prepared out of raw and ripe jackfruits. My mum-in-law was very enthusiastic to teach me to prepare the 'happoL' (papad/poppadoms) but to our bad luck within a week of our arrival in Mangalore it started to pour non stop and our 'happoL' fiasco died an early death. These papads made out of tender but not ripe jackfruit (the pods need to be formed completely) are called as 'ponsache happoL' that require very good sunshine as it aids proper drying and subsequent storage for upto 1 year without spoiling. Anyway, I am glad that I got to see the process and perhaps if I go to Mangalore during the summer next year I could try my hand at preparing some again.
Like the coconut tree and its fruit the jackfruit tree also has plenty of uses. From the wood that is used to prepare furniture and beams to support traditional tile houses in Mangalore to the leaves that are used in the preparation of leaf baskets/moulds to prepare traditional rice breads called the '
' or 'Itoo'. The fruit is used at all stages of ripening. At the very beginning of its life, when the jackfruit is extremely tender and small in size it is called as the 'khadgi' and is used in the preparation of
sukkha (shredded and sauteed with spices and coconut)
or sliced up and marinated with salt & chilli paste (meet -mirsaang) to be shallow or deep fried. Some people even prepare a mock meat biryani out of it and it is famously known as 'Kathal-ki Biryani' in Hindi.
At a stage where the pods have formed but the jack has not yet reached its fully ripened stage the pale/off white fruit is removed to be preserved for a longer period of time by rubbing sea salt over it and storing it in traditional ceramic jars known as the 'buyaon' in Konkani. This tender jackfruit is then used up as required especially during the monsoon when seafood is not available in abundance or is extremely expensive. One can prepare many dishes out of salted jackfruit and today's post is a little about how the pods are salted and preserved.
It was literally my first experience at salting the jackfruit. Unfortunately I was unable to take the step by step pictures of this entire process. I brought back some with me when I returned and I am simply relishing it now. However, too much of salted/pickled foods is not good for people with high blood pressure problems, so do eat it in moderation.
Mithache Ghare | Kolache Ghare | Tender Jackfruit in Brine (Salted Raw Jackfruit)
1 medium sized raw jackfruit
2-3 cups rock salt/sea salt
Other Things You Need:
sickle (koithi) or large sharp knife
plenty of old newspapers & clean, old kitchen towels (to be discarded after use)
coconut or any other oil (to grease the palms)
Large steel/plastic bowls/pans/vessels to hold the jackfruit and the discarded pith & skin.
large ceramic (buyaon/bharani) or glass jar
Cleaning the jackfruit
1. Spread out newspapers on the floor to help avoid a sticky mess - jackfruit sap is a pain to clean up.
2. Apply oil generously on the blade of the sickle or knife - let the oil not touch the handle or else it will slip. The application of oil will help clean up of the tools used to cut the fruit.
3. Cut open the jackfruit right in the centre and quickly wipe off the fresh white sticky sap that oozes using slightly oiled kitchen tissue or a old clean kitchen towel. Next, cut the halves into two again and maybe smaller halves if the jackfruit is too large. These chunks are called as 'shed' in Konkani.
4. Carefully slice off the core from each chunk. The core is the hard white portion at the top of each chunk.
5. Pluck out the jackfruit pods carefully - you will need to remove the white thin strips of pith (membranes) that surround each pale yellow pod. Discard the white pith.
6. Each yellow pod of fruit will have a seed within called as 'bikan' in Konkani. Carefully open the pods and separate the seeds. Retain the seeds for later use.
7. When all the jackfruit pods have been removed discard the skin along with the pith.
Preserving the jackfruit
1. Slit the deseeded jackfruit pods into thick strips. Toss them into the ceramic jar and add the salt - enough to coat all the strips well with salt. There is no need to add water. Cover the jar and keep in a clean, dry place of your kitchen.
2. In a couple of days, the entire volume of jackfruit strips would have reduced and the excess water from the jackfruit oozes out causing the strips the be covered in its own salt water or brine as it is called.
3. You can transfer the strips in smaller glass bottles and refrigerate if you wish. Make sure that the bottles have enough brine in them - enough to cover all jackfruit strips completely.
Whenever you wish to cook the jackfruit pieces remove the required quantity and soak them in fresh water for a few hours. After a couple of changes of water it is ready to cook.
See my upcoming recipes for the same.
The process of cleaning a ripe jackfruit is the same. If you wish to freeze the jackfruit pods make sure the seeds are removed before storing the fruit in ziplock/airtight freezer safe containers.
Cinnamon Coffee Rolls
Every once in a while you come across a recipe that simply urges you to try it right away and impresses you beyond your expectations. Well, this is one such recipe. I have been so apprehensive about trying out any kind of breads. I have over the past two years tried my hand at several types of breads and none of them have impressed me. A few flops later I vowed never to try my hand at breads ever again. This despite the fact that the whole purpose of buying a big oven after we moved to this place was to be able to make all kinds of breads like the baguette for example. The husband has been yearning for breads actually. So much that we picked a book on breads on our recent trip to Mangalore. Along with this book I had also bought a tiny book called Coffee, 100 Everyday Recipes. the Everyday Recipes series is my favourite and I have several other books from which I have tried numerous recipes.
I am a happy person when recipes keep their promise. I mean who wants a waste of ingredients, time and patience right? I was particularly keen to try out this recipe from the book and I had a gut feeling that it would not flop. And it didn't! Infact, I was pretty pleased with the way the sticky flour mixture was magically turning into a smooth dough and then the joy of seeing it double is something else! The joy of playing around with yeast I must say.
Very rarely do I cook and blog on the same day as it involves many lengthy processes which can be very tiring for a mother of two. From measuring out the ingredients to baking, plating, styling, clicking, writing and editing its a whole gamut of things. But then there are those gems which must be shared on the same day. I bombarded my bunch of friends on whatsapp with the before and after pictures of these rolls and loved the oohs and aahs that I got showered with.
The best part about baking bread is watching the 'science' transform itself into something so poetic. Poetry and romance that is so edible. I know this sounds like nonsense :-) but I think you must start baking breads to fall in love with it. I have been bitten and smitten by the love bug for sure and I am not stopping at this. From now on I will try my hand at making at least one bread recipe once a week. There is so much out there to learn and life's too short.
So here you go, very soft and delicious cinnamon pull apart rolls...if you don't like cinnamon feel free to skip it or replace it with (very little) nutmeg or mixed spice powder. If you are a lover of strong coffee, add a little extra coffee. If you want to make this for kids then go right ahead and skip the coffee and sugar. Infact replace the filling with Nutella or any other nut butter of your choice. I am yet to try out a savoury version of this. Will let you know how it turns out. For now...here goes! Enjoy
Cinnamon Coffee Rolls
Prep time: 3 hours approx | Baking time: 18-20 mins | Yield: 9 big pull apart rolls
For the rolls:
450 grams / 1 lb all purpose flour (maida) plus extra for dusting
1/4 teaspoon salt
1-1/2 teaspoons easy-blend dried yeast (I used DCL instant dried yeast) * see notes
40 grams/ 1-1/2 oz caster sugar
55 grams / 2 oz butter, melted, plus extra for greasing
1 egg lightly beaten
200 ml / 7 fl oz lukewarm milk
oil for greasing
115 grams / 4 oz icing sugar mixed with 3-4 teaspoons water to make a smooth icing paste * see notes
For the filling:
40 grams / 1-1/2 oz butter, softened at room temperature
50 grams / 1-3/4 oz soft dark brown sugar
1-1/2 teaspoon instant coffee powder (if you are using large granules, powder them)
1/2-3/4th teaspoon cinnamon powder *see notes before you proceed
1. Sift the flour and salt into a large bowl. Stir in the yeast and caster sugar and make a well in the centre
2. Beat the egg, butter and milk together in a jug or bowl and pour this mixture into the well and mix to make a smooth dough.
3. Sprinkle flour on a clean working surface/kitchen counter and tip the dough over it. Knead using the heel of your palm for 5-6 minutes until it turns nice and elastic. While kneading stretch the dough against the surface - this helps it turn elastic. Dust with extra flour if the dough seems too sticky and knead it into a smooth ball.
4. Place the ball of dough in a lightly oiled large bowl. Cover with a lightly oiled cling film (plastic wrap). Keep in a warm place for about 1-1/2 hours or till the dough doubles in size.
5. Grease a 9 inch square pan with butter. To prepare the filling, mix the brown sugar, instant coffee powder and cinnamon in a bowl. Keep the softened butter ready in another bowl
6. When the dough has doubled in size tip it onto a floured surface and lightly knead it for a minute. Roll out into a 30 cm/12 inch square. Make sure the surface of the rolled out square is even. It doesn't have to be a perfect square.
7. Now spread the softened butter evenly over the surface of the rolled out dough. Scatter/sprinkle the sugar+coffee+cinnamon mixture over it to cover the entire surface.
8. Now starting from the side opposite to you roll the dough firmly into a log. Using a sharp knife cut the log into 9 equal pieces.
9. Place the pieces, cut side facing upwards into the greased baking pan. Leave spaces around each roll as they will double in size.
10. Cover the pan with a lightly oiled cling film and place it in a warm place again till it doubles in size about 35-40 minutes.
12. When the rolls have doubled up, preheat the oven at 200 degrees C and bake for 18-20 minutes or until risen and golden.
13. Once out of the oven brush the rolls lightly with milk so that they don't turn very crusty and hard upon cooling. Place the pan to cool outside for 10 mins and then invert onto a wire rack.
14. When the rolls are still warm drizzle the icing sugar glaze over them.
15. Pull apart to serve. They taste great with coffee, milk or just as they are!
1. Instant dried yeast does not require activation in warm water unlike regular active dried yeast. Instant yeast is available in small sachets. I bought my stock from Lulu Hypermarket.
2. Since I didn't want very sweet rolls I reduced the icing by half the quantity. If you like mildly sweet rolls use just 50-55 grams of icing sugar and 1-2 teaspoons of water to make a paste. If you like the rolls sweeter you can make extra paste again after tasting a roll.
3. The recipe called for 1 teaspoon cinnamon powder, instead, I substituted it with 1 teaspoon unsweetened cocoa powder (to give that extra colour to the filling) and just a big pinch of cinnamon powder as my family doesn't like the aroma of strong cinnamon. If you like, substitute the cinnamon with a little nutmeg but not too much.
Beetroot Halwa ~ Easy, Pressure Cooker Method
This Independence Day I have no Tri Colour dish to post. Instead I picked a very simple sweet dish made out of beets. This beetroot halwa is a cousin of the very popular carrot halwa or gajar ka halwa as we call it in Hindi. I had written about my low haemoglobin count and how I was trying to get it to normal levels. I read up a lot about how beets are simply magical to produce good blood in your system. Despite know about its health benefits we aren't so keen to eat beets cooked in anyway so there were plenty of times that they would hang around the fridge for days before they eventually got chucked into the bin (don't gasp, it's true). I finally decided I must put an end to that wasteful trend and went ahead and grated them up to be made into a nice halwa.
This recipe is super easy. I adapted my own carrot halwa recipe and decided to pressure cook the beets as I wanted to speed up the cooking process. The resultant halwa was a perfectly cooked sweet dish with its nutrients intact (or so I'd like to believe) as pressure cooking is known to retain the nutritional value of food unlike the traditional stove top method where you cook the halwa over a slow heat for hours. The best part of pressure cooking is that it is a huge time saver and also lets you be distracted and multi task. While the beets cooked I cleared up the kitchen and what not (this includes shooing away husband who popped his head a hundred times to check if the halwa was done)
Now, a slightly dramatic reason why I chose the beetroot halwa to be posted on the special occasion of India's 67th Independence Day is because of its colour. The beets represent the colour of blood - something that runs freely in all of us despite our cast, creed, social and economic standing. Despite 'blood' being the common denominator for all of us we as a nation are divided for several reasons. I won't elaborate and make this a depressing post. But I just hope we all remember that we are all the same at the end of the day so it's about time we ditched the animosity and worked towards creating a better nation, a safer place for our people.
Happy Independence Day!
Prep time: 15 mins | Cook time: 25 mins | Serves 4
2 firmly packed cups of raw, grated beetroot (approx 4 small-medium sized beetroots washed, peeled & grated)
180 grams (2 tiny tins) sweetened condensed milk
3 tablespoons sugar (optional - for additional sweetness, adjust to taste)
1-1/2 cups milk (or 3/4th cup milk+3/4th cup water)
3 pods of cardamom powdered
1 tablespoon raisins
2 tablespoons mixed nuts (cashew nut halves, almond slivers, chopped pistachios)
2 tablespoons ghee
1. Transfer the grated beetroot into the pressure cooker and add the milk (or the milk and water mixture), stir to combine and close the lid. Place the weight (whistle) and cook on a full flame until 2 whistles go off. Remove from heat and let the pressure cooker cool down to room temperature
2. When the weight loosens up, open the lid, stir the contents and if there is still a lot of liquid it it, place the cooker back on a low heat for the beets to cook again. Let the halwa simmer until the excess liquid evaporates and the beetroot is well cooked and the halwa thickens up. This should take about 10-12 minutes
3. Add the condensed milk and give it a good mix. Continue to simmer for another 3-4 minutes making sure to stir in between so that the halwa doesn't stick to the bottom of the pan. Check the taste and add the additional sugar only if required. (see notes)
4. While the halwa is simmering in another smaller pan heat the ghee. When it is hot (but not smoking) add the raisins and fry them till they puff up - remove quickly before they burn. In the same ghee add the mixed nuts and fry till they turn pale golden. Remove and keep aside.
5. Add the fried raisins, nuts and the powdered cardamom to the halwa. Mix once and
If you don't have a pressure cooker you can cook this in a regular pan (wide based, such as a kadhai/wok). It will take you longer though and will need you to be present to keep checking, stirring the contents. However, halwas made over a slow fire over a longer period of time are deemed more tasty.
When the beetroots are initially placed in the cooker you may add just about 1/2 a pinch of salt. The addition of salt helps to bring out the flavours more prominently.
Remember that beetroots may not be very sweet so you may need to add the sugar, however do not add the sugar when the halwa is piping hot - when the food is hot the taste buds are deceived into thinking that the sugar is less. Take a small amount of halwa and when it is cool enough, taste it and then add the additional sugar if required.
Ultra Crispy Onion Rings - The Best Ever! ~ When The Hubby Cooks!
So the sonny boy gets his food wishes honoured by his dad once in a while. Once in a while would be an understatement as he gets his way around almost everyday. Most times I insist that he eats what is cooked but on some occasions we oblige him by preparing things that he relishes eating. When it comes to replicating fast food at home I am satisfied that what we make at home is any day better than the junk dished out by most fast food joints. The best part about living in the internet age is that recipes of foods from around the world are available at our fingertips. The onion rings have been one of our lil boy's favourite snacks and the husband has tried replicating them several times using different recipes but none of them were 100% satisfactory - in terms of their taste and crispness or rather the ability to stay crisp much after they came out of the deep fryer.
We used to enjoy some crisp onion rings at TGIF, Mumbai and always wondered how they stayed so crisp for a long time.
A couple of months ago Roshan was gallivanting on youtube checking out food videos and he chanced upon
this great video
on foodwishes.com that showed precisely how you can make ultra crisp onion rings at home. He immediately ran down to the supermarket to buy some instant mashed potato powder as it was the only ingredient we didn't stock at home. For those of you in India, don't fret, you will be able to find the mashed potato powder in most well stocked supermarkets. Also, Panko breadcrumbs are our favourite brand as the result they give is always great - I do hope you find them as I believe they go out of stock often. I searched for them high & low here in Dubai but none of the supermarkets stocked it. When I was lucky to find some at Spinney's it had an additional flavouring - Tempura, so I didn't buy. If you ever find plain Panko crumbs just buy them! Now we generally buy them from Mumbai and stock up 2-3 packets per year.
These onion rings were so so crispy that we could actually hear them crackle when we munched them. Thanks to that, the photo shoot didn't last very long. I must have eaten half of them during those 10 minutes and I have plenty of shots where tiny fingers are trying to steal them off this plate! Do try these crispy munchies. They are so perfect for a party. Go ahead, make 'em!
Crispy Onion Rings
Prep time: 20 mins | Frying time: 15mins | Servings 3-4
2-3 large white or yellow onions * see notes
oil for deep frying
salt to taste (fine tablesalt to sprinkle)
For the coating:
1/2 cup all purpose flour (maida)
1/4 cup cornstarch (cornflour)
2 tablespoons instant mashed potato powder * see notes
1 cup of cold club soda
a pinch of cayenne or regular red chilli powder
2-3 cups Panko breadcrumbs, or as required * see notes
1. Peel the onions and cut them into slices about 1/4 of an inch (not too thick or they won't cook). Separate the rings and keep aside. Place the Panko crumbs on a shallow plate.
2. Heat oil (on a medium high - not full flame) in a deep frying pan and keep it ready.
3. In a large bowl add all the dry ingredients - maida, cornflour, mashed potato powder & cayenne/chilli powder and whisk them all together.
4. Add the club soda and continue to whisk the batter. It may seem a little runny at first but the mashed potato powder will help thicken it up quickly.
5. Add a few onion rings into the prepared batter and flip them over using a fork until they are well coated.
6. Next, coat the rings with the Panko crumbs using a separate fork (to avoid a sticky mess in the crumbs!)
7. Gently slip the onion rings, a few at a time (do not overcrowd the pan) into the hot oil and let it fry on both sides till the colour turns into a golden brown.
8. Use a slotted spoon or fork to remove them onto an absorbent kitchen tissue. They will turn really crisp and hard upon cooling.
9. Sprinkle lightly with salt before serving. Enjoy!
1. If you can't find white or yellow onions you can substitute them with very large red/pink onions that we commonly find in India.
2. Instant mashed potato powder is available at well stocked supermarkets across India. When in Mumbai I had purchased it (a brand called Vegit, Aloo Mash) from Star Bazar. It is usually found in the aisle that stocks up instant foods such as idlis, gulab jamoons etc.
3. Panko breadcrumbs are a Japanese brand of breadcrumbs that turns a beautiful golden when fried. It is available at gourmet stores such as Godrej Nature's Basket in Mumbai. In Dubai you can find Panko at Spinney's
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